Naive Bayes Algorithm is one of the most famous supervised machine learning algorithms for the multi-classification problems.
Some of its applications
We have three main probability types:
Let’s check the following example to get the idea behind each type.
Suppose that we have the following table that…
First step of in computer vision using Sequential API
TensorFlow as being described in its official website is an end-to-end open source platform for machine learning. It has a comprehensive, flexible ecosystem of tools, libraries and community resources that lets researchers push the state-of-the-art in ML and developers easily build and deploy ML powered applications.
Keras is a high-level API for Deep Learning that can implement (build, train and evaluate) any sort of Deep Neural Networks (DNN). It was developed as a research project by Francois Chollet. …
Common technique in Machine Learning systems used to handle a sequence of data processing components or if there are many transformations have to be applied on these data.
In Fig.1 you can see that the data output from the price prediction model is being stored to be used as an input into another investment analysis model that handles it with another types of data to predict if it’s OK to invest in this product or not. So, pipeline here consists of two consecutive processing units. This represents the first case of using pipelines.
Deep learning is a subset of machine learning which in-turn is a subset of artificial intelligence as shown in Fig.1, . Deep learning (DL) differs from machine learning (ML) — also called shallow learning — that it offered better performance on many problems by utilizing a huge number of neural networks, huge datasets and have the ability to accelerate computing on GPUs. Most of nowadays AI advancements, such as detecting spam in emails, forecasting stock prices, recognizing images in a picture, diagnosing illnesses and self-driving cars are due to the great progress and power of deep learning.
Yes, another major…
Tip: You should have good understanding of what is supervised machine learning, what is training data and testing data. (Also, I prefer to read the first part of this topic
which is being discussed in previous tutorial
Feed-Forward Neural Networks (FFNN)
In its most general form, a neural network is a machine that is designed to model the way in which the brain performs a particular task or function of interest; the network is usually implemented by using electronic components or is simulated in software on a digital computer.
To achieve good performance, neural networks employ a massive interconnection of simple computing cells referred to as
perceptrons or “processing units”.
We may thus offer the following definition of a neural network:
A neural network is a massively parallel distributed processor made up of simple processing units…
The basic idea behind ensemble methods is to build a group or ensemble of different predictive models -weak models- (each of these models is independent of the others) and then combine their outputs in some way to get a precise final predicted value.
As using different algorithms to train different models (independent models) and combining their results is very very difficult, ensemble methods uses only one algorithm to train all of these models in a…
Regression Trees and
Classification Trees are a part of
CART (Classification And Regression Tree) Algorithm. As we mentioned in Regression Trees article, tree is composed of 3-major parts; root-node, decision-node and terminal/leaf-node.
The criteria used here in node splitting differs from that being used in Regression Trees. As before we will run our example and then learn how the model is being trained.
There are three commonly measures are used in the attribute selection
Gini impurity measure, is the one used by
CART classifier. For more information on these, see Wikipedia.
import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
In the first part of this tutorial regarding SVM-algorithm
linear model which I strongly recommend to read first, it was mentioned that SVM is used for solving both regression and classification problems and mostly used for classification as it has a great ability to classify by using either linear or non-linear modeling.
Suppose we have a system like the one shown below, and you would like to use SVMs to classify it. We have seen that it is not possible because the data is not linearly separable. However, this last assumption is not correct. …
In machine learning, support vector machines (SVMs; also, support vector networks) are supervised learning models with associated learning algorithms that analyze data and recognize patterns used for classification and regression analysis but mostly with classification analysis. It works by establishing a hyperplane between different classes of data. If the data can’t be linearly separated, SVM will try to project data into a higher dimension in away it can be separated with what is known as kernels trick.
Some of supervised machine learning algorithms requires transforming labels into numbers and SVM is one of them. This algorithm requires that the positive…
Machine Learning Engineer & Python/Machine Learning Senior Instructor